Abuse of Disabled Adults | Data & Statistics, How to Recognize & Report | Berman & Riedel, LLP

An estimated 12% of Americans have some form of disability and about 94% of those individuals are adults over the age of 18. And unfortunately, millions of these disabled adults are at risk of mental, physical, or financial abuse. The abuse of disabled adults is punishable by law and help is available if you think either you or your loved one are experiencing some type of abuse.

Different Types of Adult Disabilities

Abuse of disabled adults can happen to both young adults as well as elderly people. Out of adults over the age of 65 years old, 40% of them have at least one disability. Among these seniors, disabilities can range from mental problems to physical ailments.

Disability abuse can happen to someone of any age group. Someone can be elderly, a young adult, or middle-aged and still suffer from abuse or neglect. There are a few disabilities that stand among the most common in the United States.

Loss of Cognitive Function & Mobility

The most common forms of disabilities in seniors are mobility issues and cognitive function. An estimated one of four adults will have a disability at some point in their lifetime. Mobility affects approximately one out of eight adults.

Elderly woman sitting while holding a walking cane.

This kind of disability affects how easy it is for adults to get around. They may have issues climbing stairs, walking, or moving from place to place. Because of this, they often rely on in-home caretakers to help them walk or drive to different locations.

Cognitive disabilities are the second most common form of disability. Many different mental conditions such as Alzheimer’s and dementia may cause these issues. When someone has a cognitive disability, it can lead to problems concentrating, making decisions, or remembering things.

Struggles with Independent Living

Another form of disability involves being unable to do day-to-day activities. When someone has problems with independent living, they struggle to do basic tasks on their own. Like other types of disabilities, this generally means the adult needs a caregiver to help them go to the store, run errands, or attend medical appointments.

Hearing and Vision Problems

Hearing and vision problems are the fourth and fifth most common types of disability. These problems make it difficult for the individual to see or hear. Even with a hearing aid or glasses, the senior may still struggle to use these senses properly.

Self-Care Disability

Many medical conditions can make it difficult for individuals to take care of themselves. When someone has a self-care disability, they have problems getting dressed, bathing, or doing other day-to-day tasks on their own. With severe disabilities, the individual may be completely dependent on other people to eat, bathe, go to the doctor, travel, and do other normal activities.

What Is Considered Abuse of Disabled Adults?

An estimated 30% of people with disabilities who need assistance for daily life suffer from some type of mistreatment. This kind of harm may involve verbal abuse, physical abuse, or financial abuse. In one study of adult men, 55% of them were physically abused by someone after they became disabled.

Elderly woman looking out a window while sitting in a wheelchair.

Abuse of disabled adults happens when one individual mistreats a disabled adult in some way. When someone sees or suspects abuse of disabled adults, it is important to report it right away. While there are many potential kinds of misconduct, Adult Protective Services agencies see a few types of adult abuse more frequently than others.

Emotional Abuse

This form of abuse involves inflicting emotional pain or anguish through intimidation, threats, and intimidation. The individual may make threats of harm, yell insults, or do something else to project fear on the victim.

Physical Abuse

Physical abuse of disabled adults may involve things like beating, slapping, bruising, or hitting someone else. It may also include forcefully confining or restraining someone against their will.

Sexual Abuse

Sexual abuse happens when someone makes threats or uses physical force to carry out some form of non-consensual touching or inappropriate conversation.

Financial Abuse

This form of abuse to disabled adults occurs when someone exploits or mishandles someone else’s property. This may involve using the disabled adult’s assets without their consent. The individual may even manipulate or coerce the disabled adult into letting them use the assets.


With neglect, the abusing individual doesn’t take care of the adult's emotional, social, or physical needs. It may involve withholding medications, denying access to medical care, or not feeding the senior.


On occasion, a caregiver will abuse the disabled adult by preventing friends and loved ones from visiting them. The care provider may also stop loved ones from calling or messaging the individual.


Abandonment takes place when the caregiver deserts the adult after they assumed caregiving responsibilities. These can mean leaving them at home alone or dropping them off at a location that doesn’t provide the care the individual requires.

Regardless of the type, abuse of a disabled person is against the law. Disability abuse laws protect the individual from abuse.

How to Recognize Abuse of a Disabled Person

Recognizing signs of abuse isn’t always easy. It can be difficult to tell whether a bruise is from a genuine accident or an intentional injury. Loved ones must be diligent and observant when it comes to spotting signs of abuse.

Depressed elderly man with head in his hands.

Family and friends may notice sudden behavior or emotional changes in someone struggling through abuse. The individual may suddenly refuse to go to places or appear withdrawn. Physically, they may have unexplained cuts, burns, bruises, or even broken bones.

Signs of neglect include things like poor hygiene, dehydration, and malnourishment. The neglected individual may have a lack of food at home, unpaid bills, pressure sores, unexplained weight loss, or a lack of proper medical care.

California law protects disabled and dependent adults

California has several laws designed to protect disabled, elder, and dependent adults from abuse and neglect.

  • The California Elder Abuse and Dependent Adult Civil Protection Act (EADACPA) protects elderly people and dependent adults are protected from physical abuse, emotional abuse, abandonment, neglect, financial abuse, and isolation.
  • The Lanterman-Petris-Short (LPS) Act protects people with mental disorders and developmental disabilities from indefinite, inappropriate, and involuntary commitment. This law established a system for evaluation, psychiatric holds, and conservatorship.
  • California Penal Code 368 makes elder abuse a crime with enhanced sentencing as a misdemeanor or felony for physical or emotional abuse, neglect, or financial abuse of a senior 65 or older.

How to Report Abuse of Disabled Adults

If you think someone is suffering from abuse, there are several resources to turn to for help. Always call 911 if you believe someone is in immediate danger. You can also contact your local police department regardless of where the adult is living.

For dependent or disabled adults in a nursing home, assisted living facility, or other facility:

For disabled or dependent adults living in their home, elsewhere in the community, or receiving care in a hospital:

  • California’s Adult Protective Services (APS) is in charge of investigating cases of abuse or neglect of elders and dependent adults.

Woman on a phone while working at a computer.

In California, each county has its own APS department for investigating abuse of disabled adults. Your local department can help you with disability abuse reporting and investigations.

Alameda County: (866) 225-5277
San Mateo County: (800) 675-8437
Contra Costa County: (877) 839-4337
Santa Clara County: (800) 414-2002
Marin County: (415) 473-2774
Santa Cruz County: (866) 580-4357
Napa County: (888) 619-6913
Solano County: (800) 850-0012
San Francisco County: (800) 814-0009
Sonoma County: (800) 667-0404

Finding Help Is Possible

According to the World Health Organization, adults with a disability are 1.5 times more likely to be victims of violence than non-disabled adults. If this kind of abuse isn’t reported, it may become a long-term, recurring problem. Over time, this kind of abuse can destroy the individual’s physical health, happiness, financial situation, and emotional stability.

No one has to put up with the abuse of disabled adults or the elderly. The law protects your loved one from being a victim of abuse. If you have any questions or need help, call our team today at (858) 350-8855 or complete the Free Case Evaluation form above.


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Below are answers to common questions people have about personal injury cases and working with a lawyer. During your initial consultation, we will be happy to answer questions that are particular to your case.

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The attorneys at Berman & Riedel, LLP, accept cases on a contingency-fee basis. This type of agreement means you do not pay any attorneys’ fees out-of-pocket for legal representation. Attorneys’ fees are also contingent on the outcome of your case.

You benefit from legal representation in exchange for an agreed-upon percentage of a settlement or jury award. We will only recover a fee if you recover compensation.

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There is no way to determine the exact value of a personal injury case, especially early in your case. However, an experienced attorney can give you an estimated range based on their experience with similar cases.

There are many factors that may influence the value of your case, such as:

  • Your total financial or economic damages
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  • The impact of your injuries on your daily life
  • The strength of your case
  • Whether you share fault for your accident
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Some damages are easy to calculate, such as lost wages and medical bills. Calculating the value of diminished earnings for the rest of your life or future medical needs; however, may require the help of experts. Non-economic damages like pain and suffering have no intrinsic financial value. These damages are challenging to calculate. 

If your case goes before a jury, you may potentially be able to recover more than you could through a settlement. However, this introduces a new element of risk: the jury. The circumstances of your accident and even how sympathetic you or the defendant are can influence the outcome.

During your consultation, and throughout your case, we will help you understand how these factors influence your case. We will also work tirelessly to document the value of all your damages and pursue maximum compensation on your behalf.

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The vast majority of cases are resolved by reaching a settlement agreement outside of court. Very few personal injury cases actually go to trial, but it is more likely if the facts in your case are in dispute, a legal issue is being contested, or you have a high-value case.

An experienced lawyer will build your case as if it will go to trial from the beginning. The stronger your case and evidence, the more likely a fair settlement will be reached.

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If your case involves mostly property damage or minor injuries, you likely do not need a lawyer to handle a claim with the insurance company. The more serious your injuries, or the more complex your case, the more important it becomes to seek experienced legal counsel.

Remember that the insurance company is not on your side, even if the insurance adjuster seems sympathetic and you receive a settlement offer. If you are being blamed for your accident or sustained serious injury, a lawyer will help you protect your rights and build the strongest case possible. This includes calculating the full value of your current and future losses.

Legal representation is also vital if your case involves a complex area of law such as elder abuse or neglect, premises liability, commercial vehicle accidents, medical malpractice, or serious work-related accidents. Determining liability, navigating decades of legal precedence, and interpreting specific statutes in these cases is best done with years of relevant legal experience.

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